Name: Republic of Turkey click for travel news turkey
Extension: Approximately 780 thousand sq. kms Approximately 1,600 kms East to West; 650 kms North to South
Population: 67.84 million (October 2000 National Census)
Religion: 99% Muslim, 1% Orthodox Christians, Catholics, Protestans and other. Turkey is a secular state where religious and state affairs are separated.
National Anthem: Istiklal Marsi (“The Independence Hymn”)
National Flag: White crescent moon and a star on a red background.
1299: Establishment of the Ottoman Empire 1922: Fall of the Ottoman Empire
1923: Proclamation of the Republic of Turkey on October 29
( First President: Mustafa Kemal ATATURK)
Form of Government: Republic (Established on October 29, 1923, by Mustafa Kemal
ATATÜRK , founder of modern Turkey) Turkey has been holding freely contested multi-party elections since 1946.
Head of State: President Abdullah GÜL ( Selected 2007)
Legislature: Unicameral system (550 seats / five-year term) Last general elections held on November 3, 2002
Party (AKP), absolute majority government Prime Minister: Recep Tayyip ERDOGAN (March 11, 2003)
Banks are open weekdays from 8:30 am until noon or 12:30 am, depending on the bank, and from 1:30 am until 5.00 am. However, there are some banks which continue to serve during lunch breaks.
Museums are generally open Tuesday through Sunday from 9:30 am until 5.00 am or 5:30 pm and closed on Monday. Palaces are open the same hours but are closed on Thursdays. For specific information on museums, please visit our museums section.
Shops and bazaars are normally open Monday through Saturday from 9:30 am to 1.00 pm and from 2.00 pm to 7.00 pm, and closed all day on Sunday. But most stores in shopping malls and crowded streets are open seven days a week, including lunch breaks.
You can find restaurants or cafes open virtually at any time of the day or night.